Early hominid Homo erectus skull cast.
Resin cast replica from Homo erectus specimen from Indonesia
This is a high quality resin skullcast of an extremely rare early hominid from Indonesia.
The original fossil skull was acquired in a collection from Indonesia in 1999 by a small shop in New York called maxilla and mandible.
Realizing the uniqueness and rarity along with the importance of the skull cranium the owner of the shop (Henry Galiano) had it verified by The American Museum of Natural History in New York.
New fossil hominid calvaria from Indonesia Sambungmacan 3
A morphologically distinct partial calvaria of Homo cf. erectus from Java, Indonesia is described. The fossil hominid Sambungmacan 3 (Sm 3) was first discovered in 1977 from the banks of the Solo River near the village of Poloyo, Sambungmacan district, in central Java. It was later recovered in a New York City natural history establishment in 1999 and quickly returned to the Indonesian authorities. Examination of Sm 3 shows that the calvaria is well preserved with only portions of the cranial base missing. The most striking characteristics of Sm 3 include: the presence of a vertically rising forehead, more open occipital/nuchal and frontal angles, a more globular vault, and a cranial capacity within the Homo erectus range. Most notably absent in Sm 3 are a number of the classic characters attributed to Homo erectus, such as a strongly expressed angular torus and a continuous supratoral sulcus. The absence of such characters would normally place the calvaria outside the range of Homo erectus (sensu stricto), however, overall quantitative and qualitative morphological assessments of Sm 3 place it within the Homo erectus spectrum. The combination of the morphological characters in Sm 3 may be interpreted in several ways: 1.) the known cranial variation of H. erectus from Indonesia and China is extended; 2.) this calvaria shows evidence of change within H. erectus; or 3.) more than one species of Homo existed in the (presumed) Middle Pleistocene of Java.)